Margin calls and stop-out levels are risk management features in Forex trading that help traders avoid losing more money than they have in their trading account.
A margin call occurs when a trader's account equity falls below the required margin level. This means that the trader does not have enough funds to cover their open positions, and the broker will ask them to either deposit more money into their account or close some of their positions to reduce their exposure. If the trader fails to meet the margin call, the broker may liquidate their positions to cover the losses, which could result in a significant loss for the trader.
A stop-out level is a threshold set by the broker that automatically closes a trader's positions if their account equity falls below a certain level. This is a risk management tool used by brokers to protect themselves and their clients from excessive losses. The stop-out level is usually set at a level where the trader's account equity is equal to the required margin level or lower.
To manage the risk of margin calls and stop-out levels, traders should ensure that they have enough funds in their account to cover their open positions and keep a close eye on their account equity and margin level. Traders should also consider using risk management tools like stop-loss orders to limit their losses in case the market moves against them.
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