The spot market in Forex refers to the market where currencies are bought and sold for immediate delivery or settlement, meaning the exchange of currencies happens on the spot, or "on the spot" value date. The value date is the day the currencies are exchanged and the transaction is settled.
Spot trading involves buying or selling currencies at the current market price, which is determined by the supply and demand for the currency pair. In the spot market, traders can buy or sell currency pairs in the amount and at the exchange rate they choose. The exchange rate is the price at which one currency can be exchanged for another.
Settlement in the spot market typically takes two business days after the trade date. This is referred to as T+2, where T is the date of the trade. This means that if a trade is made on Monday, the settlement will occur on Wednesday. However, some currency pairs, such as USD/CAD and USD/TRY, have a one-day settlement period, known as T+1.
Spot trading is the most common form of Forex trading, and it is used by a wide range of market participants, including banks, financial institutions, and retail traders. Spot trading is often used for speculative purposes, such as making a profit from changes in exchange rates, as well as for hedging against currency risk.
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